Aditya Hriday, is a devotional hymn associated with Aditya or Sun God (Surya) and was recited by the sage Agastya to Rāma on the battlefield before fighting the. Aditya Hrudayam is the ultimate salutation to Lord Sun. Find the Aditya Hrudayam Stotra (1 to 30 verses), Lyrics in PDF & MP3 formats, its meaning & more. Comments Off on Aditya Hrudayam – English 23 December āditya hṛdayaṃ puṇyaṃ sarvaśatru vināśanam | jayāvahaṃ nava graha stotram.
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In our culture it is often found that the forces of nature themselves as deities are worshipped like zditya wind, the water, the earth, adifya fire and so on. Adityw among these deities is Suryathe presiding deity of our Sun, also known as Aditya due to his being the son of Aditiwho is worshipped as the sustainer of life on earth. Our culture has given prime importance to worship of the Sun through the practice of Sandhyavandanathe ritual to be performed by all Dvijas wearers of the sacred thread, lit.
Another important hymn to the Sun-God is the Aditya Hrudayamthe subject of this article. This is a Stotramor a sacred hymn, dedicated to Lord Aditya. During the final between Rama and Ravana in Ramayana. Rama has used all kinds of weapons and missiles against Ravana, but in vain.
Aditya Hrudayam Stotram – Explained in details – ReSanskrit
The overlord of the Rakshasas seems invincible. Rama, currently a normal human being and not the all-powerful Lord Vishnuis tormented by fatigue, both mentally and physically. He glances at his enemy, who is ready for battle, and worry crosses his brow. At this juncture, as the gods look on from the sky, the sage Agastya appears in front of Rama and, with the aim of rejuvenating Rama and hastening the stotgam of the battle, teaches this prayer to Lord Surya, and disappears soon afterward.
Rama receives the prayer from Agastya, and becomes energized upon reciting it.
He lifts his bow and prepares for stotramm final confrontation. Thus, the poet of the Ramayana, with his impeccable style, ends the chapter where the Aditya Hridayam is contained, to proceed afresh with the deciding battle of the tale. As mentioned earlier, this is a work of 31 slokas, out of which the first 30 are set in the popular syllabled meter, the Anushtup Chandas. Adityw text has a unique flow, with a distinctive structure, where the slokas are structured as follows:.
What makes this structure unique is the presence of the glories of the deity and the Phalasruti both before as well as after the core portion of the text — a characteristic that is seldom seen in any other hymn.
As pointed out earlier, the Aditya Hrudayam lists out its benefits twice — once before and once after the prayer. Upon chanting this hymn thrice unto Lord Aditya with complete devotion, you shall attain victory.
You shall defeat Ravana the very next instant, Oh Rama! This implies the efficacy of chanting of this hymn and the confidence it instills in the mind of the devotee, something which adigya almost instantaneously in Rama. Regular recitation of it is sure to grant sound health, hrusayam, dispelling of miseries and peace of mind, as indicated by Rishi Agastya in the Phalashruti.
From the glories of Surya described in the Stotram, we can understand how our culture worships the Sun as the prime cause of sustenance of life on earth.
We understand how all natural phenomena are ascribed to be an act of Lord Aditya.
Aditya Hridayam Stotram
This is seen in the initial part of the hymn where Agastya identifies Lord Surya with majority of the other devas, with the opposite forces being paired together — such as Yama Death and Soma RejuvenationPitrs the dead and Vasus tsotram forces of natureVayu wind and Vahni fire and so on. The seasons are said to be hrhdayam by him, as are cold and heat, day and night, rain and shine, etc.
A detailed reading of the Stotram by the reader may reveal even more insightful information. This stotram contains a beautiful praise stottram Lord Surya, describing him as the cause of the creation, sustenance and eventual dissolution of this earth. Rishi Agastya devotes 13 slokas out of 31 to the praise of Surya out of which 3 slokas occur after the recitation of the actual hymn.
Lord Surya is primarily described as the Overlord of the World, who nourishes and protects the world through his various duties. He is described as the Glorious One with infinite rays, who is worshipped by all, including the eternal enemies, the devas gods and the asuras sttotram enemies of the gods. He is the embodiment of all stoteam Sarva Devatmakah such as Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Skanda, the eight guardians of the world, and so on.
Such praise of Surya is a reflection of the Vedic maxim:. He is the Lord of the Skies, the creator adutya the Seasons, who dispels darkness and causes cold and heat one after the other referring to the change in seasons being due to the shift of the earth towards and away from the Sun. He causes heavy rains and is the friend of the waters a poetic way of describing the rain cycleand is the source of all that is in this world. Hrusayam has the skies hrudaysm his pathway and he is always on the move referring to adityq revolution of the Sun around jrudayam Galactic center.
Lord Surya destroys all that is created, and recreates all that is destroyed a reference to how everything in a star system arises from and dissolves into the same nebula. He provides heat and rains successively nrudayam is the form of all activities in this world and their fruits. Stotram in Sanskrit with translation Sanskrit transcript: Beholding Sri Rama, standing absorbed in deep thought on the battle-field, exhausted by the fight and facing Ravana who was duly prepared for stotrram war, the glorious sage Agastya, who had come in the company of gods to witness the encounter battle now spoke to Rama as follows: By Chanting the Aditya-Hrudayam the meditation of Sun in the heart which is very auspicious and highly beneficial, you will be victorious in storam.
This holy hymn dedicated to the Sun-God will result in destroying all enemies and bring you victory and permanent happiness. This supreme prayer is the best amongst auspicious verses, it will destroy all sins, dispel all doubts, alleviate worry and sorrow, anxiety and anguish, and increase the longevity of life.
It is a guarantee of complete prosperity. Worship the sun-god, the ruler of the worlds and lord of the universe, who is crowned with effulgent rays, who appears at the horizon and brings light, who is revered by the denizens of heaven devas and asuras alike Hindi translation: Indeed, He is the very embodiment of all Gods.
He is self-luminous andsustains all with his rays. He nourishes and energizes the inhabitants of all theworlds as well as the host of Gods and demons by his rays Hindi translation: He is Brahma the creatorVisnu the SustainerShiva the destroyerSkanda the son of SivaPrajapati progenitor of stofram racethe mighty Indra king of heavenKubera the god of wealth and lord of richesKala eternal timeYama the Lord of deathSoma the moon god that nourishesand Varuna the lord of sea and aditta.
Indeed, he is Pitris ancestors, manesthe eight Vasus, the Sadhyas, the twin Aswins physicians of Godsthe Maruts, the Manu, Vayu the wind GodAgni the fire GodPrana the Life breath of all beingsthe maker of six seasons and the giver of light. He is the Son of Aditi the mother of creationthe Sun God who transverse the heavens, he is of brilliant golden color, the possessor of myriad rays, by illuminating all directions he is the maker of daylight.
He is the all-pervading, shining principle, the dispeller of darkness, exhibiting beautiful sight with the golden hue. He has seven horses yoked to his Chariot, shines with brilliant light having infinite rays, is the destroyer of darkness, the giver of happiness and prosperity, mitigator of the hdudayam and is the infuser of life. He is the Omnipresent One who pervades all with immeasurable amount of rays. He is Hiranyagarbha born of Aritya of a golden womb, He is Sisirastapana the destroyer of the cold, snow and fog, illuminator, Ravi, bearer of the fire and conch, He is the remover of ignorance and giver of fame.
He is the Lord of the firmament and ruler of the sky, remover of darkness.
He swiftly courses in the direction South of Vindhya-mountains and sports in the Brahma Nadi. He, whose form is circular and is colored in yellow and red hues, is intensely brilliant and energetic. He is a giver of heat, the cause of all work, of life and death. He is the destroyer of all and is the omniscient one sustaining the universe and all action. He is the lord of the constellations, stars and planets and the origin of everything in the universe.
Salutations to Aditya who appears in twelve forms in the shape of twelve months of the year and whose glory is described in his twelve names. Salutations to the Lord of sunrise and sunset, who rises at the eastern mountains and sets in the western mountains.
Salutations to the Lord aditta the stellar bodies and to the Lord of daylight. Lord of htudayam rays, son of Aditi, Salutations to you, the bestower of victory, auspiciousness, and prosperity, Salutations to the one who has colored horses to carry him. Salutations to Martandaya the son of Mrukanda Maharishi, the terrible and fierce one, hfudayam mighty hero, the one that travels fast. Salutations to the one whose appearance makes the lotus blossom also the awakener of adita lotus in the heart.
Salutations to the Lord of Brahma, Shiva, and Vishnu, salutations to Surya the sun god, who by his power and effulgence is both the illuminator and devourer of all and is of a form that is fierce like Rudra. Salutations to the dispeller of darkness, the destroyer of cold, fog and snow, the exterminator of foes; the one whose extent is immeasurable. Salutations also to the annihilator of the ungrateful and to the Lord of all the stellar bodies, who is the first amongst all the lights of the Universe.
Salutations to the Lord shining like molten gold, destroying darkness, who is the transcendental fire of supreme knowledge, hrudsyam destroys the darkness of ignorance, and who is the hrudyaam witness of all merits and demerits of the denizens who inhabit the universe. Salutations to Vishvakarma the architect of the universe, the cause of all activity hrudayak creation in the world.
Salutations to the Lord who creates heat by his brilliant rays. He alone creates, sustains and destroys all that has come into being. Salutations to him who by his rays consumes the waters, heats them up and sends them down as rain again. Salutations to the Lord who abides in the heart of all beings keeping awake when they are asleep. Verily he is the Agnihotra, the sacrificial fire and the fruit gained by the worshipper of the Agnihotra. He is the Lord of all action in this universe and decides the Universal path.
Oh Raghava, scion of the Raghu dynasty, any person, singing the glories of Surya in great difficulties, during affliction, while lost in the wilderness, and when beset with fear, will not come to grief or lose heart. If you worship this lord of the universe, the God of all Gods, with concentrated mind and devotion by reciting this hymn Aditya-Hridayam thrice, you will emerge victorious in the battle.
Aditya Hrudayam Stotram – Explained in details
O mighty-armed one, you shall triumph over Ravana this very moment. After blessing Lord Rama thus, and predicting that He would slay the demon Ravana, sage Agastya took leave and returned to his original place. Having heard this, that great warrior Raghava, feeling greatly delighted, became free from grief. His clouds of worry thus dispelled, the lustrous Lord Rama obeyed the sayings of sage Agastya with great happiness.
With composed mind, he retained hrhdayam hymn in his memory, ready to chant the Aditya-Hridayam. Having performed Achamanam sipping water thrice and being purified, Rama gazing at the stotrram with devotion, recited the hymn Aditya-Hridayam thrice, then that great hero Raghava was thrilled and lifted his bow. Lord Rama thus cheered, seeing Ravana coming to fight, put forth all his effort with a determination to kill him Ravana. He looked at the sun, sstotram happiness, and chanting the hymn thrice, lifted his bow.
Then, Lord Surya, positioned in the middle of the group of gods in the sky, looked delightedly at Rama. Thus Valmiki concludes the chapter, in such hruayam way that the prayer is complete by itself due to the predetermined outcome of the battle being confirmed in the conclusionand yet the reader has the pleasure and thrill of reading the sequence of the climactic battle afresh aditay the next chapter.
Ujjwal November 1, at 6: ReSanskrit November 7, at 9: Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Remember me Lost your password? Log in Or Create an account. Register Or Log hurdayam. It is in this gripping scenario that the whole of our hymn is recited.